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CHARLES ALEXANDER ALLARD, MD, FRCSC, FACS 1919-1991

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Profiles and Perspectives from Alberta’s Medical History – Dr. Charles Alexander Allard

CHARLES ALEXANDER ALLARD, MD, FRCSC, FACS 1919-1991 “Medical men make more major decisions daily, than businessmen do in a lifetime. Business involves dollars. Medical men are concerned with lives.”(1)

Introduction

Dr. Charles A. Allard was one of Alberta’s best examples of a physician who was successful inside and outside medicine. He demonstrated how hard work, good judgment, and ability were the core competencies of success. Independent minded, he was a clear thinker who had a remarkable insight into Alberta’s future. His vision of its potential guided him to make exceptionally accurate, farsighted, and well timed business decisions, whether it was to invest, to borrow, or to use a scalpel to cut his losses. Dr. Allard’s career began as one of the first fellowship-trained surgeons in Canada. After a brief postgraduate stint at the UofT, he transferred to McGill’s new surgical training program in 1944 and graduated with the first class of surgical Fellows. After receiving his FRCSC he returned to Edmonton in 1948 to set up practice at the Edmonton General Hospital (EGH). In 1956, Dr. Allard succeeded Dr. Louis Phillippe Mousseau as the Chief of Surgery. He continued as the Chief until 1968 when he stepped down and took a leave of absence to commit more time to Allarco Developments, which had become a public company.

ed CITV (known as ITV), Western Canada’s first independent television station. He brought the WHA Edmonton Oilers to Edmonton, in partnership with Zane Feldman and Bill Hunter. With Alberta Gas Trunk Ltd he created Allarco Chemicals Ltd, which built three world-scale methanol refineries in Medicine Hat. When he sold Allarco Developments to Carma Developers in 1980, it included restaurants, apartment buildings, construction companies, shopping centers, and a chartered jet airline company. Adroitly he retained the corporate shell for the future Bank of Alberta. It became the Canadian Western Bank. With his eye on the future, Dr. Allard created the Allard Foundation in 1978. It has made substantial gifts to health, hospitals, and research programs and projects, including donations to the W.W. Cross Cancer Institute, the UofA Faculty of Medicine, and the Stollery Children’s Center. Dr. Allard received many awards and acknowledgements, before and after his death. Allard Way, a five block street across from his media production center, was named after him three days before he died. It was a touching recognition for a man whose thirst for

Dr. Allard’s business life can be divided into two phases. The first was the building of an unusually successful conglomerate, Allarco Developments (1968-1980). After selling his shares in 1980 to Carma Developers Ltd., he privatized his remaining broadcast interests and concentrated on building a multi-faceted Western media TV enterprise, Allarcom Ltd (1974-1991). Dr. Allard merged it with Western International Communications in 1991, which in turn was purchased by Global Telecommunications, now Canada’s Global TV. Dr. Allard was an exceptional creator and builder of new corporate identities in Western Canada. He built North West Trust starting with a charter, and expanded Seaboard Life Insurance into a national company. He launched CHQT (FM) in 1965 and in 1974 startDr. C.A. Allard, circa 1986 1. Post, Louise E.

Dr. Allard, quoted in ALLARD, a two-volume genealogical history of the Allard family, Volume one, Generation II, page 4, December 1981. Allard Family Archives.

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knowledge and creation of successful commercial enterprises had few limits and no rivals.

From Youth to MD and FRCSC, 1919-1948

The ancestors of Dr. Charles Alexander Allard came to Canada (New France) circa 1684. Their first investment was in a river lot near Montreal. One ancestor worked as a lumber merchant, selling timber from the property. Another built the Allard/Bouvier House across the river from Montreal. It was named a Quebec heritage site.(2) Dr. Allard’s grandfather, Prime Ambroise Allard, was a physician. He studied at Laval in the late nineteenth century. After graduation, he moved his family to Midland, Ontario. He died at the youthful age of thirty-seven. Charles’ father, Charles Hector Allard, came to western Canada several times before he and Athala Allard settled in Edmonton in 1916. Charles Alexander was the youngest of three sons: Ambrose, Herman (Bud) and Charles. The sons were joined by a younger sister, Frances. Charles was born on November 9, 1919 at home, because the flu epidemic was rampant and it was safer to be delivered at home than in the hospital.(3) From 1923-1928 the Allards lived in Fort Saskatchewan, where Charles’ father operated the Allard General Store. The store did not do well so the Allard family returned to Edmonton, where Charles entered grade three at the Little Flower School (192930). He took grades 4-8 at the Grandin School (1930-34), followed by grades 9-12 at St. Joseph’s High School (1934-38). One school chum’s mother

The Allard Family, 1921. Ambrose, Charles, Ethel, “Bud” 2. Post, Louise E. 3. Post, Louise E. 4. Faustina, Mary

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Charles Allard, 1938

recalled telling her son to “keep away from that Charlie Allard. That boy will come to no good.”(4) The Sisters were extremely strict with their pupils. Charles received the strap once for playing hooky. On another occasion Charles and some friends dropped a cabbage from a bridge into the smokestack of the steam engine passing underneath. The cabbage exploded, to the delight of the scampering youths. Charles’ first business venture was running a paper route with 110 customers. He earned five dollars a week. There were thirty-five paperboys waiting for the route if he did not succeed. He knew he was fortunate to have a job during the Depression. From 1932-1935, the Allards lived at the top of Bellamy hill, the site where forty years later Dr. Allard would build the Chateau Lacombe. In school, young Charles Allard was always first or second in his class. He won the Tegler Scholarship while at St. Joseph’s High School. It was the first time anyone from St. Joseph’s had won it. It would have paid for three years of university education at Queen’s University. Instead, Charles chose to enter Medicine at UofA in 1938. At that time, medicine was a six-year program. His medical program almost ended when he applied to enter the military service. He was refused entry because of his childhood asthma.

Through his medical school years he worked in the shoe department at Eaton’s, at his father’s Jasper Avenue shoe store and on the HBC boats plying the 32-3 Slave River to Fort Smith. His medical class included

ALLARD, Volume one, pages iii-iv. ALLARD, Volume one, Generation II, pages 1-4. Recollections of the years spent at Little Flower School in Rossdale. The son was Alfred Tansey. The two played Fox and Geese on the blackboard during a sermon. Newspaper clipping in the Allard Family Archives.

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Profiles and Perspectives from Alberta’s Medical History – Dr. Charles Alexander Allard

Dr. Allard’s Surgical Career, 1948-1970

Surgery: Dr. Allard always wanted to return to Edmonton to practice surgery. Dr. Pierre Mousseau who was both the Head of Surgery and Chief of Staff, enticed Dr. Allard to join the EGH medical staff in 1948. Dr. Allard would succeed him seven years later.

Edmonton General Hospital circa 1949

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several well-known physicians: Don McAlpine, Cam Harrison and Wint Duggan. Studious, Dr. Allard graduated at the head of his class.(5) He never recorded when he decided to become a surgeon or if any role model convinced him to choose surgery. It just seemed to grow on him. The acting Dean of Medicine through most of his undergraduate years (1939-1943) was Dr. J.J. Ower. His Professor of Surgery was Dr. Fulton J. Gillespie. After graduating with a UofA MD in 1943, Dr. Allard did not take an internship. They were abridged that year to accelerate the graduation of physicians into the armed services. Instead, he worked for four months in the coal branch town of Mercoal. After receiving a Kellogg Scholarship he transferred to the Toronto General Hospital, where he remained for less than a year as a resident under Dr. W.E. Gallie. Then he accepted a position in the first post-graduate course in surgery at McGill in 1944. His Chief was Dr. Fraser Gurd Sr. After receiving a $1200 fellowship, Dr. Allard applied for and was accepted into the residency training program at the Lahey Clinic in Boston in 1945. Allard was back in Montreal by 1947 to complete the last of his surgical rotations at the Royal Victoria and Montreal Children’s Hospitals. While at the Children’s Hospital, he was the lead author in a CMAJ article entitled “Determining the Patency of a spleno-renal anastomosis” by catheter sampling.(6) He was awarded his FRCSC in 1948 and an FACS in 1950.

5. MacDonald, A.R.S. 6. Allard, Charles A., Harpur, Eleanor R., Johnson, Arnold L. 7. Macdonald, Fred

His first medical office: The end of the war brought home the more than one-third of all prairie physicians who had enlisted. Many preferred to relocate their practices to the larger cities like Edmonton. When Dr. Allard went looking for office space, he found it was at a premium. There was only the Baker Clinic, and the Weinlos Clinic in the Tegler building. The Allard family had acquired land on Jasper Avenue and proposed to build a three-storey office building at 101st Street and Jasper Avenue. The demand for office space was so high, they increased their three-storey building to accommodate six more storeys of offices, including four for the Interprovincial Pipeline Company. It was the first nine-storey building built in Edmonton since the 1920s. The Northgate Office Building opened in 1950. The name was chosen to reflect Edmonton’s role during the war as “the gateway city” to the north.(7) Many EGH physicians opened offices in it. Technical competence: When Dr. Eardley Allin was referred the famous Tofield Siamese twins in 1950, he called Drs. Walter Anderson (RAH), Carlton Whiteside (UAH) and Charles Allard (EGH), to assist

Northgate Building, 1950

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“Transcript of Interviews for a sixty-minute Video of Dr. Allard” entitled Gifted Hands, pages 121-125. Recorded on May 17, 1992 by Hans Dys. Deposited in the Allard Family Archives. “A Method for Determining the Patency of a Spleno-Renal Anastomosis.” CMAJ 53: 570-571, December 1948. Personal communication, August 18, 2005 and Leduc, “Manning and the Age of Prosperity” in Alberta in the 20th Century, Volume 9: 48, United Western Communications, 2001.

Profiles and Perspectives from Alberta’s Medical History – Dr. Charles Alexander Allard

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pathectomy in Edmonton. As a versatile surgeon he could close a patent ductus, open a mitral stenosis by doing a commissurotomy with a knife at the end of his finger, perform thoracic or vascular surgery, as well as excel at routine general and abdominal surgery. Dr. Harold Stockberger who succeeded him as the EGH Head of Surgery, recalled, “He did everything … He was quick but never hurried. Every move had a purpose and would accomplish something.”(10) He always did every procedure exactly the same way, which is probably why his results were as good as they were.(11) His complications were very few.(12)

Edmonton Journal, May 14, 2005

About 1962, Dr. Allard read of a new procedure for visualizing the aorta. It required injecting radiopaque dye into the aorta through a percutaneous needle in the back. He was determined to try it. After examining the multi-angled x-rays, he gave instructions to his resident every step of the way. The result was a perfect abdominal aortogram, one of the first in Edmonton.(13) In the OR, Dr. Allard was the leader and ran a disciplined theatre, demanding excellence from his staff. His colleagues recalled how he never became angry or lost his self-control.(14) When the surgery was going smoothly he would sing popular songs of the day.(15) Later he piped in classical music so he did not have to talk about the party his staff were at the night before.

him with the first Siamese twin separation surgery in Canada.(8) They were joined at the chest/upper abdomen. Although unsuccessful it acknowledged Dr. Allard’s stature in the surgical community. He was a “magnificent” surgeon in a class with few.(9) Well-trained at Boston’s Lahey Clinic, he was particularly skilled at endocrine (thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal) surgery. On one occasion he researched the night before how to operate on a carotid body tumor that had invaded the carotid artery wall. He successfully parted the tumor from the artery, leaving the important carotid body and nerve intact. On another occasion he performed what was thought to be the first surgical sym8. Ruttan, Susan

Dr. Allard with his parents, 1958

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“Siamese Twins set two firsts in short lives.” Edmonton Journal, page A20, Saturday, May 14, 2005. The twins were born November 17, 1949 and operated upon May 14, 1950. 9. O’Brien, Joseph Personal communication, August 8, 2005. “He was in a class with Walter Anderson and they were in a class by themselves. He was better than even Phillippe Mousseau, his boss.” 10. Stockberger, Howard “Transcript of Interviews,” pages 188-191, recorded May 17, 1992. 11. Stockberger, Howard Personal communication, July 28, 2005. 12. Macdonald, Fred Personal communication, August 18, 2005. 13. Macdonald, Fred Personal communication, August 18, 2005. Dr. Macdonald was the resident. 14. Anselmo, John Personal communication, August 6, 2005. Dr. Anselmo recalled how he never heard him utter a profane word. 15. MacDonald, A.R.S. “Transcript of Interviews,” pages 121-125.

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Profiles and Perspectives from Alberta’s Medical History – Dr. Charles Alexander Allard

Patient care: Dr. Allard always made time for his patients.(16) It was not easy. When he relinquished his surgical practice to manage his expanding business ventures, he commented on how much easier life was. Instead of working ten to twelve hours a day, seven days a week, he only had to work ten hours a day and could take Sundays off. Besides sending him more patients than he could handle, many associates chose Dr. Allard for their own surgery. He was well liked by his patients and had a gracious bedside manner. Conversations with his patients invariably ended with, “Is there anything else I can do for you today”.(17) He was always a gentleman. One of his hallmarks was to sketch the surgery he planned beforehand. He would rise early in the morning and draw the procedure he planned to perform. After the operation he would present the patient with the drawing. Rounds were always a joy. Dr. Allard loved to quote poetry or get his residents to quote it. Often there was a bet for a Coke, with the resident usually paying the ten cents, a down payment on Dr. Allard’s Christmas party. Teaching: In 1956, Dr. Mousseau relinquished the Chief of Surgery position but remained the Chief of the Medical Staff.(18) As one of the few postgraduatetrained and certified surgeons, Dr. Allard was appointed Chief of Surgery at age thirty-six. He would hold that position from 1956-1968. The appointment made him a Lecturer and Clinical Professor in the Department of Surgery in the UofA’s Faculty of Medicine. The competition for excellence between Drs. Walter Anderson, Walter Mackenzie and Charles Allard was always friendly. Dr. Allard preferred small group and one-to-one teaching and was outstanding in that setting. As a lecturer he was not comfortable, but around the department table he was the idea man.(19) A respected diagnostician, he was a simple, thorough teacher when it came to the essentials of surgery.(20) Well read, “he learned everyday and you learned something from him everyday”.(21) 16. Lipinski, John J.

Lamont School Bus/Train Accident, November 29, 1960. Seventeen of forty-three died.

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Medical management: His organizational competence after 1956 was soon evident. He excelled at recruiting good people. In 1958 he was nominated for the position of President of the Alberta Medical Association, but lost the election to UofA Pathologist Dr. John W. MacGregor. Dr. Joseph O’Brien recalled what an “enormous” person he was. He could listen to a debate, crystallize the thoughts, simplify the issues, outline the options, propose the solutions, and relax everyone. These skills failed him on one occasion. Dr. Moreau was to present the OR committee annual report but he was called upstairs to the OR so he gave his report to Dr. Allard to present. It was about one surgeon, unnamed, who always came a few minutes late, did not follow the rules, etc. Everyone began to laugh, including Dr. Allard, as they realized it was about his own habits. He had been masterfully “set-up”.(22) Emergency surgery: On November 29, 1960 Drs. Allard and Moreau were two of the surgeons who responded to the Fort Saskatchewan school bus accident. They went to the site and helped triage the seventeen students that were killed and twenty-six that were injured.(23)

Personal communication, June 20, 2005. Dr. Lipinski was the retired Edmonton General Hospital Medical Director. He recalled Dr. Allard making home visits to his mother just to talk to her, when she was dying of Hodgkin’s disease in the 1950s. 17. Macdonald, Fred Personal communication, August 18, 2005. 18. Anselmo, John Nomination of Dr. Louis Philippe Mousseau as one of Alberta’s 100 Physicians of the Century, May 31, 2005. It was successful. Manuscript deposited in the Anselmo Family Archives. 19. Macdonald, Fred Personal communication, August 18, 2005. 20. MacDonald, A.R.S. “Transcript of Interviews,” pages 121-125, recorded May 17, 1992. 21. Macdonald, Fred Personal communication, August 18, 2005. 22. O’Brien, Joseph Personal communication, August 8, 2005. 23. Stockberger, Howard Personal communication, July 28, 2005. For more details of the accident see “Leduc, Manning, and the Age of Prosperity 1946-1963,” pages 137-139, Alberta in the 20th Century, Volume 9, UWC, 2001.

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2:00 am. His inquisitiveness and scholarly interests had no limit. In 1968 Dr. Allard resigned as the Edmonton General Hospital’s Chief of Surgery, at the request of the underwriter of the 1968 Allarco public share issue. The separation from surgery depressed him. After taking a refresher course for three months in Boston, he returned to the OR in 1969. No longer the senior surgeon, it just was not the same. He never felt as comfortable as he had been. Dr. Allard retired permanently in 1970.(27)

Paris Investments before 1968

Chateau Lacombe, under construction, 1967 32-10

Clinical research: In the mid-1960s Dr. Allard along with Dr. Peter Salmon at the UofA, became interested in small bowel bypass operations to reduce weight in obese patients. Dr. Allard presented his series of twenty-five cases, many of which were successful. One patient became so slim and attractive again that her husband asked him to reverse the procedure. A few developed fatty livers, which eventually led to the discontinuance of the procedure.(24) The Transition: Surgery was not Allard’s only calling. He was a born businessman. The transition was a challenge. His colleague and Chief of Medicine, Dr. W. Roy St. Clair, wondered where Dr. Allard found the time to do what he did. “There was always a suspicion that the black-suited men, who came into his office waiting room were not patients”.(25) As his business demands increased, he still took his rotation on call and often left a business meeting saying, “You fellows wait for me. I’ll be back as soon as I can”.(26) Dr. St. Clair respected his tremendous intellect. His thinking was always clear. He was interested in new developments and new technologies. His desk would be strewn with books ranging from chemistry, to oil and gas, to aviation. On one occasion, it was the life cycle of the bumblebee which woke up his wife at 24. O’Brien, Joseph 25. St. Clair, W. Roy 26. (Allard, Charles A.) 27. Dys, Hans J. 28. (Allard, Charles A.)

In 1958 Dr. Allard purchased the charter of the old North West Trust Company, a provincially registered Trust company. He built it into a thirteen branch Western Canadian financial success story. It had another asset. It could loan money to companies that Dr. Allard saw had growth and future investment potential, or possibly those he wished to purchase. Before it was sold to Carma Developers in 1980, North West Trust had over $800 million in assets. Early in the 1960s, Dr. Allard incorporated Paris Investments. Zane Feldman became his partner when the two started Edmonton’s Crosstown Motors. Dr. Allard’s agreement with Feldman was that “he wouldn’t sell cars, and Feldman wouldn’t take out appendices”. Every evening Feldman would come over to the EGH cafeteria and give Dr. Allard his business report for the day. It became the largest Chrysler dealership in Canada.(28)

Allarco Development’s ITV Logo

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Personal communication, August 8, 2005. “Transcript of Interviews,” pages 173-176, recorded June 1992. Edmonton Journal, August 13, 1991. Personal communication, July 20, 2005. Confirmed by Dr. John Lipinski, the EGH Medical Director at the time, on July 20, 2005. Dr. Allard turned his patients and files over to Dr. John Anselmo, who later became the Chief of Surgery at the Edmonton General Hospital. Interview, Edmonton Journal, August 15, 1991.

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Profiles and Perspectives from Alberta’s Medical History – Dr. Charles Alexander Allard

such a company, even though he was not an engineer, he went to New York to research it. Initially it was primarily out of curiosity. As the years passed he came to understand the US market thoroughly. By 1964 he was familiar with the concept of building on a world-scale basis. Dr. Allard’s original study of the methanol industry concluded that any proposal was uneconomical. When LaPorto told him that the methanol market price was about to rise substantially and did in 1969, the two formed Allarco Chemicals Ltd. Shortly before launching the venture, they were joined by Alberta Gas Trunk Ltd as a 50% partner. That left Allarco with 40% and Laporto 10% of the shares. They renamed it Alberta Gas Chemicals and built their first Medicine Hat refinery in 1972, followed by a second (1973), and a third (1974). The third was larger than the two previous ones combined. The company went on to Alberta Gas Chemicals, Medicine Hat, circa 1974 32-11 build specialty chemical plants in Duluth, Wisconsin, In August 1961, Dr. Allard ventured into the newspa- New Zealand, and then a large terminal at Vancouver. It owned a tanker fleet which was built per business. It was not his first foray. As a high up over ten to twelve years. Alberta Gas Chemicals school student he was a correspondent for the Edmonton Journal. Although he started the Edmonton evolved into Methanex, with plants worldwide and assets in the billions of dollars. Free Press to compete with the Edmonton Journal, it only lasted six months. He disagreed with the editori- John LaPorto always referred to Dr. Allard as the als. He knew when to cut his losses.(29) guiding light of Alberta Gas Chemicals. “As Board Chairman he was completely in control and very Through North West Trust, he acquired the majority cool. His logic was always reasoned and his research of the shares of Seaboard Life Insurance in the late well prepared”. It did not help that Allard was a 1960s and expanded it into one of the largest insurwhite-knuckle flyer, but he always felt that Allard had ance companies in Western Canada. Seaboard Life to make the airline trips because of his shareholders. merged with North West Life, which in turn merged LaPorto found him fair, sometimes hard and most with Industrial Pacific Alliance with assets exceeding brilliant at 2:00 or 3:00 AM. He would use his gut $8 billion. Though his interests and investments appeared eclec- feelings to measure people and always stayed away from working with government. tic, they were not. His investments were always well researched, never spurious, and unusually successful in their timing. The clearest example was Dr. Allard’s investment in a methanol plant in Medicine Hat.(30) His interest started with a visit to an Imperial Oil refinery that was being built in the fall of 1950. There he met John LaPorto, who would become a lifelong friend. When Dr. Allard discovered he could buy

29. (Allard, Charles A.) 30. Laporto, John 31. Allarco Limited

Allarco Developments (1968-1980)(31)

In 1968, his private investment company, Paris Investments went public as Allarco Developments. Allarco raised $8 million in the share offering. A condition of the underwriter Richardson Securities was that Dr. Allard work full-time as the President. Not long afterward the share price went from $12.00 to

“The Doc’ was a very big man who cared about the little guy.” Edmonton Journal, August 12, 13, 1991. “Transcript of Interviews,” pages 82-92. For more highlights see: 1) the three page Information Release from ITV dated August 11, 1991 by Heather Grue, Vice-President, Communications, ITV; 2) a List of Significant Dates in The Life of Dr. Charles Allard 1919-1991, attached to a letter to Dr. Robert Lampard from Beth Allard-Clough on April 27, 2005; 3) a letter to Dr. R. Lampard from Hans Dys, April 26, 2005; 4) the Alberta Report, pages 20-21, August 1, 1980 (sale of Allarco); 5) the Edmonton Journal, June 18, 1992 (Candy), September 11, 1990, August 27, 1999 (Oilers), August 12, 1991 and August 15, 1991 (Bank of Alberta, restaurants, CHQT, CITV, Riverbend, Oilers) and the Edmonton Sun, November 22, 1982.

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The selling price for the Allard shares was $127 million, less the repurchase of ITV and the farm at Viking for $15.5 million. The assets Allarco sold included restaurants (Oliver’s, the Steak Loft, Lucifer’s), apartment buildings from Winnipeg to Victoria (Grandin, Regency, Bristol, Crestview, Regency House, Regency Towers), office buildings (Oliver Place, Cambrian Building, Charter House, Avord Building, Chamber of Commerce building), hotels (Chateau Lacombe, Peter Pond Hotel), construction companies (Redden, Citation, Clarendon), shopping centers (Peter Pond in Ft. McMurray, College Mall (64%) in Lethbridge, Parkland Mall (64%) in Yorkton), International Jet Air, and miscellaneous investments including Mansion Mobile, Metropolitan Printing, Edmonton Van Specialties, Suzuki-Allarco Imports, and a Travelmasters travel agency.

WHA team Logos, 1971-1977

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$4.52 but did not stay there. When Zane Feldman sold his shares in 1979, they were valued at $52. Dr. Allard sold his shares a year later at $140 per share. In 1971, Dr. Allard with Zane Feldman and Bill Hunter, started the Edmonton Oilers in the World Hockey Association (WHA) league. They sold the team to Peter Pocklington and Nelson Scalbania in 1976, one year before four WHA teams were accepted into the NHL in 1977.(32) The Club’s operating losses were $3,000,000. Dr. Allards actual loss on the sale was $400,000. Allarco Developments built numerous office buildings, hotels, and high-rise apartment blocks throughout Western Canada. It also developed the Riverbend properties and part of the Terwillegar subdivision in Southwest Edmonton. By the late 1970’s, Allarco’s annual profit was $9 million per year and it had over 3,600 employees. In 1980, the rising rates of interest were bothering him. A student of prairie economics, he decided to sell Allarco. Carma Developers, who had bought the Feldman’s minority shares a year before, bought the Allard family’s 52% majority share position. 32. Turchansky, Roy 33. (Allard, Charles A.) 34. Allarcom Ltd

The one non-operating company Dr. Allard did not include in the sale was the corporate shell for the future Bank of Alberta. It was chartered in 1979 but not started until 1983/84. Eighteen shareholders invested $12 million to capitalize it. The Bank merged with the Western Pacific Bank in 1986 and became the Canadian Western Bank. Its current assets now exceed $6 billion. Dr. Allard’s rationale was that “there was a need for decision-making in the west rather than on Bay Street”.(33) His purchases were not just in Canada. Dr. Allard bought the American Bank of Commerce in Phoenix in 1979 and sold it in 1985. He made oil, gas and chemical investments in Texas, large raw land purchases in the US and Mexico, and bought a hotel in Las Vegas. The Allarco Development sale to Carma Developers allowed Dr. Allard to privatize his holdings Allarcom Limited.

Allarcom Limited, 1980-1991(34)

The roots of Allarcom go back to the late 1950s when Dr. Allard applied for his first Edmonton TV license. In 1965 three entrepreneurs made him a proposal to start CHQT (FM) in Edmonton. He agreed to the investment in less than an hour. To finance it, Dr. Allard guaranteed a $60,000 bank loan and received a 60% share position. In 1971 CHQT was sold for

Edmonton Oilers Hockey Club, pages 3-7, Edmonton Journal, 2003. Edmonton Sun, November 14, 22, 1983. For more highlights see: 1) the Edmonton Sun January 5, 1984 (Pay TV); April 9, 1989 (Purchase of CKRDTV); July 8, 1990 (Sale to WIC); 2) the Edmonton Journal July 11, 1990 (Merger with WIC); February 8, 1991 (Sale to WIC); August 12, 13, 15, 1991 (Funeral and Interviews); June 18, 1992 (Candy); June 14, 2004 (Flaherty); and 3) the Canadian Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame Biographies at www.broadcasting-history.ca/personalities.

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The ITV production center built in 1973/74 produced the ABC award-winning mini-series Small Sacrifices and the Celebrity Edmonton Symphony “In Concert” series. The sixty-four programs were viewed in fiftytwo different countries. Celebrity performers with the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra included Tom Jones, Anne Murray, and Henry Mancini.(36)

Canadian Western Bank

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$1.45 million, to cover the losses in a chemical plant in Houston, Texas. Dr. Allard did not remain out of the Radio/TV field for long. In 1973 CITV, the legal name for ITV, was started. It signed on in 1974 as the first independent television station in Western Canada. Some outstanding programs were developed. In 1981, Dr. Allard formed a partnership that acquired the SCTV series and performers in Toronto, and moved most of the Second City Comedy Troupe lock, stock and barrel to Edmonton. They developed special programs under John Candy and Joe Flaherty, which were picked up by NBC. Celebrity stars included Catherine O’Hara, Eugene Levy, Andrea Martin and Dave Thomas. Each ninety-minute program cost $15,000 to produce. NBC bought them at $400,000 per program for two years and won an Emmy Award. Cast members agreed that their best work was done in Edmonton. According to John Candy: “Dr. Allard and his group came in and really saved the show and brought it out to Edmonton. It was probably our best work. The sets got better, the writing was getting better, we were getting better as writers and performers.” Candy left the comedy series in 1982 and SCTV was transferred to Cinemax in 1983.(35)

35. (Candy, John) 36. Grue, Heather 37. Edwards, Jim 38. (Allard, Charles A.) 39. Edwards, Jim

Dr. Allard loved the broadcast business and was excited by the opportunities it created.(37) He started Allarcom Pay Television Ltd (Superchannel) now known as Movie Central. He founded Studio Post and Transfer, which became one of Western Canada’s finest post-production facilities. Allarcom was a member of a consortium that in 1981 founded Canadian Satellite Communications Inc. (Cancom). In 1989, Allarcom became a co-founder of the Family Channel Network and several other specialty television licenses.(38) In 1988 Dr. Allard made a bid to start the National News channel, but lost to the CBC. He described it as losing to the second-best bidder.(39) Upset but not

Mobile Independent Television Unit

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Edmonton Journal, June 18, 1992. Information Release from ITV, page 2, August 11, 1991. Further details were provided in a letter to Dr. R. Lampard, May 30, 2005 from Julie Weeks/Peter Allard, written in support of Dr. Allard as one of Alberta’s 100 Physicians of the Century. Also see CITV, Edmonton in Partners in Progress, pages 288-289, c1984. Personal communication, July 20, 2005. Although Mr. Edwards was a CFRN TV executive and a competitor, he had great respect for Dr. Allard. Disney deal to benefit Canada, Edmonton Sun, July 23, 1987, and Allarcom invades BC. Pay-TV decisions handed down, in the Edmonton Sun, January 6, 1984. Personal communication, July 20, 2005. Edwards described the CRTC process and decision as “flawed”. He led the appeal to the Federal Cabinet to have the application reconsidered. The decision remained the same. Rod Ziegler noted “The one thing the good Doctor couldn’t buck was the politics that dictated that Ottawa simply couldn’t allow a national service to be run out of Edmonton. The American private enterprise approach (CNN) became a world leader in news broadcasting. The experience did not endear Dr. Allard to the concept that government intervention was the best solution to capitalize on business opportunities. For further commentary see the Edmonton Sun, December 1, 1987, September 2, 1988, the Edmonton Journal, August 13, 1991, and Alberta Report’s “CBC Tried to Strike Paydirt,” March 30, 1992.

Profiles and Perspectives from Alberta’s Medical History – Dr. Charles Alexander Allard

ALLARCOM

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Allarcom Ltd.

deterred, Dr. Allard completed the Sound Stage studio at a cost of $17.5 million (1988).(40) In 1990 he launched Pay Per View. In 1991, concerned over his lack of a successor and perhaps his own mortality, he accepted a bid from Western International Communications (WIC) to buy his ITV Network for $160 million. Allarcom received $100 million in cash and a 23% stake in WIC. The sale was closed five months before Dr. Allard passed away. WIC was sold to CanWest Global in 2000.(41)

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In business, he said, “I wasn’t smart. I had to work for everything…I’d rather be lucky than smart, anytime”. His modus operandi was, “Don’t wing it. Always be prepared”. He had a great ability to foresee the future locally, nationally and internationally and make his decisions accordingly. His mind was very analytical. When asked why he sold North West Trust, he answered, “it was time”.(46) He never dwelt in the past, except to mention the experiences of the Depression and what they taught. He had many friends through his lifetime but few friends lasted his lifetime. Small talk was not his forte but he did have a subtle sense of humor.(47) He could disarm you with simple, easy lines. His criticism of others was polite and would come out in the form of, “Well you know, as a surgeon, you find out when the

Dr. Allard’s Business Philosophy

Dr. Allard developed his own business strategy. “Curiosity was the key to his diverse career, starting with a well-rounded education [to] understand what’s happening in the world [and] sheer effort”.(42) He had an insatiable appetite for information.(43) By nature he was a student. In business Dr. Allard was a great brain-picker in the most positive sense.(44) He had a great instinct for discovering people with the potential to grow. Besides books, Allard could read people. He had a knack for finding the right person for the right position. He would identify young, creative people and help make them successful. He would give them a feeling of importance and confidence and would give them the support they needed. In return they gave him loyalty. That way both succeeded. The pattern would recur and be one of the hallmarks of his business career.(45)

40. (Allard, Charles A.) 41. Faulder, Liane 42. Allard, Charles A. 43. Holtby, Doug 44. (Miles, Adam) 45. Klimore, Mitch 46. Miles, Adam 47. Anselmo, John

The Day the Bubble Burst, Hamish, Hamilton, 1979

Shows over for “Hollywood North”, local film industry will hurt if buyer isn’t found to keep facility in production. Edmonton Journal, May 10, 2003. Edmonton Journal, May 10, 2003. Quoted in “Curiosity key to success Edmonton hall of famer,” Edmonton Journal, September 13, 1989. “Edmonton’s quiet visionary; Aggressive strategy put city on map in wide range of enterprises.” Edmonton Journal, August 15, 1991. “In both surgery and business, Dr. Allard’s touch was deft.” Edmonton Journal, August 13, 1991. “Edmonton’s quiet visionary; aggressive strategy put city on map in wide range of enterprises.” Edmonton Journal, August 15, 1991. “In both surgery and business, Dr. Allard’s touch was deft.” Edmonton Journal, August 13, 1991. Dr. Anselmo’s father was a 1958 investor in North West Trust with Dr. Allard. They remained lifelong friends. When he died, Dr. Allard felt the loss. “After God made Jimmy Anselmo, he threw away the mold”. Personal communication September 16, 2001.

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Profiles and Perspectives from Alberta’s Medical History – Dr. Charles Alexander Allard

Chairman of the 1991 Miracle Network Telethon for the Northern Alberta Children’s Hospital Foundation.(52) He was a strong supporter of the Junior Achievement and Crime Stoppers program in Edmonton.

The Allard Foundation, 1978 to the Present

The Allard Foundation, incorporated in 1978 32-16

ego exceeds the cranium, there’s not much place for brains.”(48) When it came to investments Dr. Allard did not like being a minority shareholder. He seemed driven by his father’s comment. When he earned 98% on a test, his father asked him where the other 2% went. His favorite book was, “The Day the Bubble Burst” which he applied to his business life. The only poem he re-read was “If” and his favorite line was, “If you can treat triumph and disaster, those two imposters just the same”.(49)

The 1978 incorporated Allard Foundation, was initially funded with a $500,000 investment. By 2005 the Foundation was gifting that amount per year. Donations by the Foundation followed Dr. Allard’s own interests. Most were medically orientated: to the Caritas Foundation, the University of Alberta’s Faculty of Medicine chairs in melanoma research and oncology. Other donations were made to the arts, environment, children’s’ services, education, and health and wellness projects.(53)

Awards

Dr. Allard received many awards for his contributions to the business communities in Edmonton, in Alberta and in Canada. His first came in 1987 when he received the President’s Award from the Radio and

Dr. Allard was not a supporter of government as a partner or owner. He favored free choice and free enterprise, inside and outside medicine, an attitude that might well have come from Boston’s Dr. Frank Lahey, who held the same view.(50)

Community Contributions(51)

In 1974, Dr. Allard became a Founding Director of the Tempo School, an interdenominational private school dedicated to educational excellence for bright students. He actively participated in it. Dr. Allard was a longstanding and later life member of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce and the Murray Grey Cattle Association. After making a significant contribution to it, Dr. Allard was appointed the Honorary 48. LaPorto, John

Edmonton Journal May 4, 2004

“Transcript of Interviews,” page 91. Rick Forchuk recalled his fifteen interviews with him Dr. Allard, describing him as a straight-talker with a vision. Edmonton Sun, August 12, 1991. 49. (Allard, Charles A.) For more on Dr. Allard’s Business Philosophy see the Edmonton Journals for September 13, 1989, September 11, 1990, August 12, 1991, August 13, 1991, June 18, 1992. 50. Lahey, Frank H. “Government Dominated Medicine,” CMAJ 54: 494-496, May 1946. 51. Canadian Association April 1997. For further elaboration see the Edmonton Sun, October 28, 1990. of Broadcasters Hall of Fame 52. (Allard, Charles A.) Edmonton Sun, October 28, 1990. 53. Allard-Clough, Beth Letter to Dr. Robert Lampard, dated April 27, 2005.

Profiles and Perspectives from Alberta’s Medical History – Dr. Charles Alexander Allard

Television News Directors. In 1989, he received a lifetime achievement award from the Junior Achievement (Alberta Chapter). In 1990, he was awarded the Canadian Association of Broadcasters Distinguished Service Award. In 1992, posthumously, Dr. Allard received the Dave Billington Award from the Alberta Motion Picture Industries Association, for a lifetime of achievement and outstanding contributions to the film and video industry. That same year he received the Broadcaster of the Year Award from the Western Association of Broadcasters.(54) In 1995, Dr. Allard was inducted into the Canadian Business Hall of Fame, along with William Southam, Ed Murvish and Ron Southern. The next year he was honored by being inducted into the Canadian Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame. More recently, Dr. Allard was recognized as one of the Edmontonians of the Century in 2004, (55) and one of the 100 Alberta Physicians of the Century.(56)

Dr. Allard and the Allard Family

In January 1942, Charles married Effie “Betty” Dallamore. Initially the Allards lived with Effie’s parents, until Dr. Allard graduated in 1943. Cameron was born in 1942, Frances in 1943 and the twins Charles and Peter in 1946 in Boston.(57)

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always had a dictionary or an encyclopedia handy to teach his children. Although he was a tough taskmaster, he was very proud of his children.(58) Barry Westgate remembered that he was always serious and all business, but basically shy. He was very good to his people and staff, and was never ostentatious. Athletically, his favorite enjoyment was walking. As a youngster, he had been a swimmer and a tennis player. His relaxation came from being on the farm near Viking, where he could swathe a whole field as well as any farmer. The Allards had a winter home in Palm Springs, California. To keep in touch, Dr. Allard hooked up his winter home to a 17-foot high receiving dish, so he could tune in to the ITV news. Although he smoked occasionally, after entering business full-time it became a regular habit. In the fall of October 1990 he felt unwell, and noticed a decline in his energy level by January 1991. By February he had initiated the sale of his assets to WIC. In May he noticed a lump on his neck. The diagnosis of cancer of the lung was confirmed on June 26, 1991. Dr. Allard passed away in Edmonton at his home on August 11, 1991. Three days before his death, employees at ITV requested the city of

Separated in 1948 and later divorced, Dr. Allard married E.M. “Gillie” Gillingham in Edmonton on August 27, 1951. They would have two children: Catherine (1956) and Tony (1959). Dr. Allard was saddened when Gillie died of cancer on April 11, 1975, leaving him with two teenagers. A family man and not one to remain unattached, Dr. Allard married his OR nurse Shirley Claire Livingstone on July 3, 1976. Shirley described him as a homebody who was easygoing, quiet, private, relaxed, and with a thirst for knowledge. He would stay up until 2:00 or 3:00 in the morning reading, solving problems, watching TV, or doing several tasks at once. He was a news hound and had a level of curiosity that was unique. He 54. Potts, L.

55. Manning, Robert

56. (Allard, Charles A.) 57. Post, Louise E. 58. Allard, Shirley C.

32-17

Ms. Shirley Allard receiving the Junior Achievement Award, posthumously, 1995

The Canadian Association of Broadcasters (CAB) Hall of Fame Biography of Dr. Allard, April 1997. Deposited in the Allard Foundation Archives. Also see the Junior Achievement Revue of June 1995 (Canadian Business Hall of Fame Inductees); the Edmonton Journal, January 27, 1995 (CAB Hall of Fame); the Edmonton Journal, September 4, 1992 (the Western Canadian Broadcaster of the Year for 1992); Edmonton Sun, June 21, 1992 (Dave Billington Award). The Nomination of Dr. Allard, was submitted to the Edmontonian of the Century selection committee by Cathton President Robert Manning. Successful, Dr. Allard’s profile was published in Edmontonians of the Century, page 115, and summarized with the other ninety-nine in the Edmonton Journal, May 4, 2004 (Great Edmontonians of the Century). “AMA and CPSA centennial: Physicians of the Century honored.” Alberta Doctors Digest 30(5): 18-22, September/October 2005. ALLARD, Volume one, Generation II, pages 1-3. “Transcript of Interviews,” pages 177-187, recorded May/June 1992.

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Profiles and Perspectives from Alberta’s Medical History – Dr. Charles Alexander Allard

Edmonton name the section of 104th Street from 51st to 55th Avenue, Allard Way. He was very pleased when it was announced on the TV news channel that night.(59) Dr. Allard’s funeral was attended by four hundred political dignitaries, and many of his family members. As a testament to the people whose careers he had developed, the first processional was “You are the Wind Beneath My Wings”. In his eulogy the priest noted, “He’s probably negotiating some deal with God right now”.(60) That would have been his world-class approach to everything he did.(61) His influence will continue to affect Edmonton for years to come.(62) “It is not how far I walked, it is how many lives I touched along the way”.(63)

Related Profiles: Mackenzie

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Allard Way, unveiled three days before Dr. Allard died, by Cathy (Allard) Rosen, Cameron and Tony Allard, 1991

Oilers, Allarco Developments, Allarcom Ltd., ITV/WIC/Global TV

Key Words: Edmonton General Hospital, Edmonton

Dr. Allard’s greatest ambition was to give young people the chance and the resources to excel. His perpetual gift to Edmonton was the creation of the Allard Foundation. Established in 1978, the Foundation continues to be a major contributor to health, social services, education, and culture. 32-19

59. (Allard, Charles A.) 60. McCaffery, Michael 61. Dys, Hans

62. Holtby, Doug 63. Dys, Hans

Edmonton Journal, August 10, 1991, May 10, 2003. “Allard’s many feats remembered; His versatility amazed everyone but himself, mourners hear.” Edmonton Journal, August 15, 1991. One hour video “Gifted Hands” produced by Hans Dys, aired on ITV December 2, 1992. Reviewed in the Edmonton Journal, December 2, 1992. It was based on the “Transcript of Interviews” with friends and associates, pages 214-216, recorded by Mr. Dys in May/June 1992. Copies deposited in the Allard Family Archives. Edmonton Sun, August 12, 1991. In the nominee profile of Dr. Charles Allard as an Edmontonian of the Century, dated January 23, 2004. Submitted as an attachment to the nomination of Dr. Allard as one of the Edmontonians of the Century by Robert Manning, President, Cathton Holdings.

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